The common fall is more dangerous than it may seem. While the majority leave behind no more than a few bumps, bruises, or scratches others can be the injury behind a concussion, broken bone, seizure and other unpleasant situations.
When a person falls, the first thing to do is make sure there are no serious and obvious injuries- no broken bones, heavy bleeding, seizures, and that the person is conscious. If the fall was ‘bad’ do not allow them to move until you are sure no injuries have been done to their head, neck, back, or hips.
If there seems to be a serious injury, like any of the ones listed above and more, call 911 for aid. Also call if you see any of these signs
Unconsciousness- even if it is very brief (concussion)
Becomes very sleepy or is difficult to wake up (concussion)
Walking in an abnormal fashion- off balance, dizzy (concussion)
No breathing -begin CPR (no breath or pulse) or EAR (pulse present) immediately!)
Clear fluid or bleeding coming from nose, ears or mouth.
Complains of intense or increasing pain
Deep or large wounds
Trouble focusing eyesight, distorted vision. (concussion)
Odd behavior or symptoms
Irritable and oddly moody, nonstop crying.
If the fall does not seem to be an emergency, but the child is young, keep watch over them closely for the next 24 or so hours, to make certain that no symptoms of injury or strange behavior develop. If you fear a concussion, due to a fall involving the head, even if there are no symptoms always go see a doctor.
Preventing falls, especially with young children is tough, but it there are ways to minimize risks. With very young children or infants, always trap them securely into strollers, car seats, high chairs, and onto changing tables. Discourage children from playing on furniture or jumping on beds. Active children should be taught to wear helmets and other safety pads when biking, skating, skiing, and climbing.
*** Before administering any first aid to anyone outside your family, be aware of your rights and responsibilities: The Good Samaritan Law. ***